Submitting your first job
To submit a job to run under Slurm, we use the
sbatch command. sbatch (submit batch) takes the commands you give it, and runs it through the scheduler, which finds the optimum place for your job to run. With over 300 nodes and 7500 cores to schedule, as well as differing priorities, hardware, and individual resources, the scheduler's job is not trivial.
There are a few things you'll need to know before running sbatch.
- How many cores you need. Note that unless your program is created to use multiple cores (called "threading"), asking for more cores will not speed up your job. This is a common misperception. Beocat will not magically make your program use multiple cores! For this reason the default is 1 core.
- How much time you need. Many users when beginning to use Beocat neglect to specify a time requirement. The default is one hour, and we get asked why their job died after one hour. We usually point them to the FAQ.
- How much memory you need. The default is 1GB. If your job uses significantly more than you ask, your job will be killed off.
- Any advanced options. See the AdvancedSlurm page for these requests. For our basic examples here, we will ignore these.
So let's now create a small script to test our ability to submit jobs. Create the following file (either by copying it to Beocat or by editing a text file and we'll name it
myhost.sh. Both of these methods are documented on our LinuxBasics page.
1#!/bin/sh 2srun hostname
Be sure to make it executable
chmod u+x myhost.sh
So, now lets submit it as a job and see what happens. Here I'm going to use five options
--mem-per-cpu=tells how much memory I need. In my example, I'm using our system minimum of 512 MB, which is more than enough. Note that your memory request is per core, which doesn't make much difference for this example, but will as you submit more complex jobs.
--time=tells how much runtime I need. This can be in the form of "minutes", "minutes:seconds", "hours:minutes:seconds", "days-hours", "days-hours:minutes" and "days-hours:minutes:seconds". This is a very short job, so 1 minute should be plenty. This can't be changed after the job is started please make sure you have requested a sufficient amount of time.
--cpus-per-task=1tells Slurm that I need only a single core per task. The AdvancedSlurm page has much more on the "cpus-per-task" switch.
--ntasks=1tells Slurm that I only need to run 1 task. The AdvancedSlurm page has much more on the "ntasks" switch.
--nodes=1tells Slurm that this must be run on one machine. The AdvancedSlurm page has much more on the "nodes" switch.
% ls myhost.sh % sbatch --time=1 --mem-per-cpu=512M --cpus-per-task=1 --ntasks=1 --nodes=1 ./myhost.sh salloc: Granted job allocation 1483446
Since this is such a small job, it is likely to be scheduled almost immediately, so a minute or so later, I now see
% ls myhost.sh slurm-1483446.out
% cat slurm-1483446.out mage03
Monitoring Your Job
The kstat perl script has been developed at K-State to provide you with all the available information about your jobs on Beocat. kstat --help will give you a full description of how to use it.
kstat -r This will give you a good summary of your jobs that are running and in the queue.
24 of 24 cores
Load 23.4 / 24
495.3 / 512 GB used
daveturner unafold 1234567 1 core run 127 MB 0 d 5 h 35 m
daveturner octopus 1234568 16 core run 125 GB 8 d 15 h 42 m
################################## BeoCat Queue ###################################
daveturner NetPIPE 1234569 2 core qw 2h 4 GB killable 0 d 1 h 2 m
kstat produces a separate line for each host. Use kstat -h to see information on all hosts without the jobs. For the example above we are listing our jobs and the hosts they are on.
Host names -
yellow background means reserved,
red background means down,
red means owned by the
group in orange on the right.
Core usage - yellow for empty, cyan for partially used, blue for all cores used.
Load level - yellow or yellow background indicates the node is being inefficiently used. Red just means more threads than cores.
Memory usage - yellow or red means most memory is used. Exceeding memory will show disk swap in background red.
Each job line will contain the username, program name, job ID number, number of cores, maximum memory used, whether the job is killable, and the amount of time the job has run. If the job is still in the queue, it may contain information on the requested run time and memory per core and the time shown is how long the job has been in the queue.
In this case, I have 2 jobs running on Hero43. unafold is using 1 core while octopus is using 16 cores. The most useful information here is the memory being used in each case. While unafold is taking very little memory, octopus is using 125 GB and the red font indicates that it is close to the amount requested. If the memory on a job is over the requested amount it will have a red background and you should request more memory in future runs. If the memory is flashing with a red background, you are more than 50% over your requested amount and your code will be forced to use disk swap which can slow it down enormously. You're usually better off killing the job and restarting with an appropriate memory request. If the code accesses large files, there may be an IO value reported. This number is not very accurate.
kstat -d 7 This will show you information about the jobs that have completed in the last 7 days.
kstat -c This provides a global view of Beocat showing how many cores each person is using.
Generally speaking, those jobs that are higher on the list will start running before the ones lower on the list. This way you can see your relative position. Another useful tool is to see how busy Beocat is. http://ganglia.beocat.ksu.edu/ will give you those statistics. Depending on the resources you ask for, a job you submit may start immediately or may take up to several weeks, depending on the priority of your job, the resources available, and the requested resources of the jobs ahead of you in the queue.
If you want to read more, continue on to our AdvancedSlurm page.